Original Research Article
Year: 2018 | Month: October | Volume: 8 | Issue: 10 | Pages: 33-37
Childhood Disease Treatment: Distribution and Prevalence in Different Division of Uttarakhand State
Ashish Gaur1, Shubham Pandey2, Ankit Singh3
1Data Manager cum Analyst, Department of Biostatistics, Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences, SRHU, Dehradun
2Assistant professor, Department of Biostatistics, Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences, SRHU, Dehradun
3Lecturer, Department of Biostatistics, Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences, SRHU, Dehradun
Corresponding Author: Shubham Pandey
Background: Child mortality has been a major setback in developing countries. The utilization of health care services and treatment to fight against common childhood disease has been top priority to enhance the quality of child health in India.
Material and Methods: The study was carried out from the secondary data source i.e. factsheets on 13 districts of Uttarakhand which is divided into two regions, Garhwal and Kumaun; available from the National Family Health Survey-4 (2015-16). Z-test is used for comparison between two regions and within inters districts of Uttarakhand.
Result: The study indicates major differences in the utilization of childhood disease treatment across the state. Kumaun has better utilization of treatment for both diarrhoea and Acute Respiratory Infections. Nainital and Almora recorded high use of treatment, whereas Udham Singh Nagar performance was below satisfaction. Similarly in Garhwal division, Dehradun and Chamoli district had the best utilization of treatment for kids suffering from diarrhoea and ARI, whereas performance was Uttarkashi and Tehri-Garhwal district was far from being reasonable.
Conclusion: The high rates of child mortality are a cause of concern for Uttarakhand as they reflect the prosperity of state. Garhwal requires more attention in terms of childhood disease treatment along with certain other districts of Kumaun. To achieve our goals for child health it is essential to inform people about various treatment practices and health services provided by the government in high risks areas, for combating such life-threatening diseases.
Key words: Diarrhoea, Childhood disease, Kumaun, Garhwal, Uttarakhand.