Year: 2017 | Month: Aug | Volume: 7 | Issue: 8 | Pages: 521-526
HIV Transmission through Unsafe Medical Injection in Rural Cambodia
Tem Darina1, Mao Ningying2
1Postgraduate student, School of International Pharmaceutical Business,
2Associate Professor Major Research Areas: Medical investment management,
Healthcare Management, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, P.R. China, 211198
Corresponding Author: Mao Ningying
Objective: While most of people in other parts of the world would do anything to avoid getting injected, but in Cambodia things are quite different, where people have the desire for injections and intravenous drips. This study tries to describe people’s health-seeking behaviour toward medical injection in Cambodia.
Method: The study obtained with the investigation of The Cambodian National Center for HIV/AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome), Dermatology and Sexually Transmitted Diseases (NCHADS) investigated the outbreak in collaboration with the University of Health Sciences in Phnom Penh and the member of Roka cluster of the investigation team.
Result: 242 confirmed HIV cases were identified with HIV, including 22% was children aged <14 years, and 21% were adults aged >60 years, 62% were in females. 4 women aged >60 years and one girl aged 7 months died after their HIV diagnoses.
Conclusion: Unsafe injection left many people got HIV infected with unconscious the cause of infection. This problem will educate patients about the hazard of unsafe injection and seek to reduce their demand for injections, but knowledge alone may not be enough to break the habit. The principle of “first does no harm” should apply equally to health care worker and doctor.
Key words: Unsafe injection, HIV, Hepatitis B virus, Hepatitis C virus, unlicensed healthcare provider