International Journal of Health Sciences and Research

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Original Research Article

Year: 2017 | Month: Aug | Volume: 7 | Issue: 8 | Pages: 278-283

Assessment and Evaluation of Effectiveness of Valsalva Maneuver on Pain Reduction During IV Cannulation Among Adults

Rashmi Kadyan

M.Sc Nursing , Rajkumari Amrit Kaur College Of Nursing, Lajpat Nagar, New Delhi


Objectives: The objectives of the study were to assess the level of pain in patients undergoing IV cannulation after use of valsalva maneuver in experimental group, to compare the level of post procedure pain between groups undergoing IV cannulation with and without the use valsalva maneuver, to seek the association of level of pain and selected variables in patients in terms of: Age ,Body mass index  and Sex.
Methodology: A true experimental research approach with pretest posttest research design was used. Simple random sampling technique was adopted to select 60 patients (30 experimental and 30 controls) but assignment of subjects to the group was through odd and even method. Data was collected using standardized numerical rating pain scale and semi structured interview schedule for demographic data and clinical profile. The tool was validated and reliability was 0.96 which was established using interrater /interobserver.
Results: The study showed that mean post test pain score of adults in experimental group was lower (1.3) than those in experimental group (5.56). There was no significant association between age and body mass index with post test pain scores whereas there was significant association present between post test pain scores and sex.
Conclusion: Valsalva maneuver is effective technique in reducing pain associated with IV cannulation. There was significant association between posttest pain scores and sex which indicates females experience more pain than males.

Key words: Valsalva maneuver, adults

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