Original Research Article
Year: 2017 | Month: Aug | Volume: 7 | Issue: 8 | Pages: 270-277
Assessment and Evaluation of Effectiveness of Oral Administration of Dextrose for Pain Relief Following Venipuncture in Neonates
Jency Mol Jaboy
M.Sc Nursing , Rajkumari Amrit Kaur College of Nursing, Lajpat Nagar, New Delhi
Corresponding Author: Jency Mol Jaboy
Topic: A study to assess and evaluate the effectiveness of oral administration of dextrose for pain relief in terms of physiological parameters, pain and cry duration following venipuncture in neonates in selected hospital of Delhi
Objectives: The objectives of the study were to assess pain ,physiological parameters and cry duration among neonates following venipuncture with and without oral administration of dextrose and to find out the association of pain in neonates with physiological parameters and cry duration
Methodology: A true experimental research approach with post-test only control group design. Non probability purposive sampling technique was used to assign 30 neonates each in experimental and control group. The data was collected using semi-structured interview schedule, Neonatal Infant Pain Scale, Pulse oximetry and second’s watch. The experimental group received 2 ml of 10% dextrose, 2 minutes before the venipuncture and control group received only standard care.
Results: The study concluded that post interventional pain scores in the experimental was lesser than those of the control group. In case of heart rate, both the experimental and control group had increase in the heart rate but the increase in the control group was greater. Both the experimental and control group had reduction in oxygen saturation during venipuncture, but the reduction was much greater in control group. The cry duration in the experimental group was lesser than the control group. No association was found between pain and physiological parameters and between pain and cry duration.
Conclusion: The study concluded that oral administration of dextrose during venipuncture is an effective pain relief in neonates
Key words: Neonatal Infant Pain Scale, Physiological Parameters