Original Research Article
Year: 2017 | Month: Aug | Volume: 7 | Issue: 8 | Pages: 262-269
A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Breathing Exercises on the Quality of Sleep among Patients with Dyspnoea in a Selected Hospital, Bangalore
Mrs. Joshi Rashmi1, Mrs. Baby Leeba2
1Lecturer, Patan Academy of Health Sciences, School of Nursing and Midwifery (Lalitpur Nursing Campus) Sanepa Lalitpur, Nepal
2Assistant Professor, Krupanidhi College of Nursing, Bangalore, India.
Corresponding Author: Mrs. Joshi Rashmi
Background: The term dyspnoea is breathlessness or shortness of breath, laboured or difficult breathing. It is a sign of a variety of disorders and is primarily an indication of inadequate ventilation or of insufficient amount of oxygen in the circulating blood. Poor Sleep alters the breathing pattern, ventilation and gas exchange. Breathing exercises for dyspnoea helps to strengthen the breathing muscles, get more oxygen, breathe with less effort and promote relaxation. The important breathing exercises that are used over time are pursed lip breathing (PLB) and Diaphragmatic breathing.
1. To assess the quality of sleep among patients with dyspnoea.
2. To assess the effectiveness of breathing exercise on quality of sleep among patients with dyspnoea.
3. To find the association between demographic variables and quality of sleep among patient with dyspnoea.
Methods: A quasi experimental pre test and post test design was used for the study. Based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria 70 subjects were selected and assessed for dyspnoea and poor quality of sleep. Among them fifty sample were selected who were having dyspnoea score more than 3 in Modified Borg Dyspnoea Scale and sleep score more than 5 in PSQI Scale. Breathing exercises (Purse lip exercise and Diaphragmatic breathing exercise) were administered twice a day for 5 continuous days. After the intervention, the quality of sleep was measured using the same scale on the fourth day and sixth day to rate the effectiveness of breathing exercise. The data was analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics.
Results: There is a significant difference between the mean PSQI scores of pre- test (12.72 ±2.45), 4th day post test (10.8±2.22), and 6th day post test (8.28 ±2.00). As the computed ‘P’ value is less than 0.001, the null hypothesis is rejected. Hence it is concluded that there is a significant relationship between the breathing exercise and the quality of sleep. Therefore breathing exercises were effective in improving the quality of sleep
Interpretation And Conclusion: The findings of the study shown that breathing exercises were effective in improving sleep among dyspnoeic subjects.
Key words: Breathing exercises, PSQI, Borg dyspnoea scale, dyspnoea, and sleep.