Original Research Article
Year: 2017 | Month: Aug | Volume: 7 | Issue: 8 | Pages: 234-241
Investigation of Evidence-Based Endotracheal Aspiration Applications in Intensive Care Nurses
Yurdanur Dikmen1, Nasibe Yağmur Filiz1, Funda Erol1, Dilek Yılmaz2
1Sakarya University Faculty of Health Sciences Nursing Department, Sakarya, Turkey
2Uludağ University School of Health Sciences Nursing Department, Uludağ, Turkey
Corresponding Author: Nasibe Yağmur Filiz
Introduction: This study was conducted to investigate the level of knowledge and practice status of nurses working in intensive care unit on evidence-based endotracheal aspiration applications.
Methods: The sample of this descriptively planned study was consisted of 67 intensive care nurses who were voluntarily participated and working in Intensive Care Units of a public hospital. The data was collected by reviewing the literature, using Nurse Presentation Form prepared by the researchers to determine the knowledge and application status of nurses about evidence-based endotracheal aspiration applications. In the evaluation of the data, number and percentage calculations were used.
Results: It was determined that the average age of the nurses participating in the study was 26.00±6.01 (min-max:20-45), 58.2% of the nurses had a bachelor’s degree, 41.8% were working as an intensive care nurse for 0-1 year. The applications which were most frequently used by nurses in endotracheal aspiration applications were detected as respectively; “Before the aspiration procedure, individual patient evaluation should be done during and after the procedure and the patients should be closely monitored” (95.5%), “The aspiration catheter should not block more than half of the internal diameter of the artificial airway catheter” (91%). When the cases where the nurses know whether the application was evidence-based or not, it was determined respectively; “In patients who were intubated in hospital, aseptic technique should be done while aspiration.” (91%), "The duration of aspiration should not be longer than 10-15 seconds" (83.6%).
Conclusion: In this study, it was determined that the rate of knowledge about endotracheal aspiration applications are evidence-based of nurses was moderate, it was concluded as the nurses’ knowledge and practices should be supported.
Key words:intensive care, tracheal aspiration, evidence-based application.