Original Research Article
Year: 2017 | Month: Aug | Volume: 7 | Issue: 8 | Pages: 222-226
Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Programme on Knowledge and Attitude Regarding Early Detection and Prevention of Cervical Cancer among Women
Ms Sonu A R1, Ms Reshmy Siby2
1Senior Lecturer, MIMS College of Nursing, Puthukode.
2Associate Professor, TMM College of Nursing, Tiruvalla
Corresponding Author: Ms Sonu A R
Introduction: Cervical cancer starts in the cervix, the lower part of uterus that opens at the top of the vagina. The precancerous condition called dysplasia can be detected by a pap smear and is 100% treatable. It can take years for pre-cancerous changes to turn to cervical cancer. The present study was aimed to assess the knowledge and attitude, determine the effectiveness of structured teaching program on early detection and prevention of cervical cancer and associate pre test scores with selected demographic variables.
Methodology: The research approach used was quantitative approach and research design was one group pretest post test design. A sample size of 50 was selected from the Gynaecology Out Patient Department of TMM (Tiruvalla Medical Mission) Hospital. Data collection was for a period of 6 weeks using a checklist, questionnaire and attitude scale. A pilot study was done to establish practicability, validity and reliability of tool and design. The data obtained were analysed using appropriate statistical procedures like Chi- square and Z test.
Results: The findings of the study showed that there was significant gain in knowledge and change in attitude among women regarding early detection and prevention of cervical cancer. There was no significant association between pre test knowledge level with demographic variables like education and religion. There was significant association between pre test knowledge level with family income. There was no significant association between pre test attitude scores with demographic variables like education, religion and family income.
Key words:effectiveness; structured teaching programme; knowledge; attitude; cervical cancer.