International Journal of Health Sciences and Research

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Review Article

Year: 2017 | Month: July | Volume: 7 | Issue: 7 | Pages: 316-331

Endometriosis in Women Is a Common Headache of This New Era: Review Article

Sarmishtha Chatterje1, Debasis Chatterjee2

1Doctorate, 82, Roy Bahadur Road, Behala, Kolkata - 700 034
2Assistant Director, National Institute of Miners’ Health, Bungalow No. 30, Krishna Rajendra Road, Marikuppam Post, Kolar Gold Field – 563 119

Corresponding Author: Debasis Chatterjee


Endometriosis is a common, benign estrogen dependent gynaecological ailment in women of reproductive age with the presence of endometrial glandular epithelial and stromal cells, growing in the extra-uterine environment. A large amount of natural and man-made chemicals have co-morbid relationship with endometriosis, affecting 5% to 15% of child bearing age women and up to 3% to 5% of post-menopausal women. However, despite the prevalence, physical and psychological tolls and health care costs, a proper non recurrence cure for endometriosis has not yet been found. The review of the literature reveals that endometriosis, with indication of viscero-visceral hyperalgesia and suggestive of neuropathic pain, describes a progression of disease symptoms over the entire menstrual life. The leading worldwide cause of outstretched endometriosis is due to less awareness among women having lack of knowledge on observation, palpation and interference of proper diagnosis. This review aims to study the current trend of knowledge and awareness on the socio- psychological impact of endometriosis in women’s lives; to provide updated knowledge of radio frequency and electromagnetic radiation impact on endometriosis disease; to make awareness among women regarding the effect of irrational food habits, use of planned and unplanned oral contraceptives to prevent unwanted pregnancy on endometriosis; to furnish the impact of environmental, chemicals and heavy metals on endometriosis disease; lastly to state the difference and link between endometriosis and malignancy for future research.

Key words: endometriosis, dysmenorrhoea, prostaglandin, omega-6-fatty-acids, estrogenic-potency

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