Original Research Article
Year: 2017 | Month: July | Volume: 7 | Issue: 7 | Pages: 156-163
Effect of Structured Teaching Programme on Knowledge Regarding Prevention of Ventilator Associated Pneumonia among Critical Care Nurses
Chithra R. A1, Janula Raju2
1Research Scholar, JJT University, Jhunjhunu, Rajasthan, India
2Department of Nursing, College of Applied Medical Science, Mohayil, King Khalid University, KSA
Corresponding Author: Chithra R.A
Background of the study: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is one of the most common encountered hospital-acquired infections seen in the critical care setting. Pneumonia is the second most common nosocomial infection in critically ill patients, affecting 27% of all critically ill patients. It prolongs the length of stay in intensive care unit and increase the risk of death in critically ill patients. Therefore, prevention of VAP is desirable to improve patient outcomes and to improve healthcare efficiency.
Objective: To determine the existing knowledge and to evaluate the effectiveness of structured teaching programme on knowledge regarding prevention of ventilator associated pneumonia among critical care nurses.
Materials and methods: one group pretest and posttest design was adopted in the present study to accomplish the objectives. Convenient sampling technique was used to select samples. The sample consists of 300 critical care nurses. The pretest assessment of knowledge of the patients was carried out using the self-administered questionnaire followed by STP session regarding respiratory therapy. The tool consists of two sections. Section A consists of demographic data, Section B comprised of forty items to assess the knowledge. The data obtained was analyzed and interpreted in terms of the objectives.
Results: The findings of the study revealed that there was a marked increase in the overall knowledge score of post-test than pre-test score which represents the effectiveness of structured teaching programme. The calculated t test value was found to be 5.934which are highly significant at 0.01. Thus the structured teaching programme was effective in improving the knowledge of critical care nurses regarding prevention of ventilator associated pneumonia.
Conclusion: On the basis of findings the investigator concluded that the STP has improved the knowledge of critical care nurses regarding prevention of ventilator associated pneumonia.
Key words: Effectiveness, structured teaching programme, Knowledge, prevention ventilator associated pneumonia, critical care nurses.