Original Research Article
Year: 2017 | Month: July | Volume: 7 | Issue: 7 | Pages: 72-74
Anatomical Variations of Foramen Ovale of Sphenoid Bone of Crania
Dr Ruta Bapat1, Dr B N Umarji2, Dr V G Sawant3, Dr Joy Ghoshal4
1Assistant Professor, 3Professor, 4Head and professor,
Department of Anatomy, Dr DY Patil Medical College, Nerul, Navi Mumbai
2Dean, Prakash Institute of Medical Sciences, Islampur Dist Sangli
Corresponding Author: Dr Ruta Bapat
Objective: To study the anatomical variations of foramen ovale in human sphenoid bone of crania.
Material and methods: Visual inspection of the foramen ovale of 310 crania of known sex (155 male and 155 female) have been done.
Observations and result: In 155 male crania, elevated margins (12.90%), depressed margins (1.94%), presence of spine (0.65%) was found on right side and elevated margins (16.13), depressed margins (4.52%) was found on left side foramen ovale. In 155 female crania, elevated margins (14.19%), depressed margins (2.58%), presence of spine (0.65%) was found on right side and elevated margins (16.77%), depressed margins (2.58%) and presence of spine (1.29%) was found on left side foramen ovale.
Conclusion: The foramen ovale is important for neurosurgeons, radiologists and anatomists because of the refined techniques which are available these days.
Key words: foramen, ovale, variation, margin