Year: 2017 | Month: June | Volume: 7 | Issue: 6 | Pages: 370-373
A Case Study: DNA Analysis - a Key to Save Innocent in Rape Case
Vaishali B. Mahajan1, Amulya A. Pande2, Kewalram R. Gorle3, Manoj R. Bhandarkar3, Laxmikant B. Rewatkar4
1Assistant Chemical Analyser, Regional Forensic Science Laboratory, Government of Maharashtra, Home Department, Dindori Road, Nashik - 440002, Maharashtra, India
2Assistant Chemical Analyser, Regional Forensic Science Laboratory, Government of Maharashtra, Home Department, Irwin Chowk, Amravati – 444602, Maharashtra, India
3Assistant Director, 4Deputy Director,
Regional Forensic Science Laboratory, Government of Maharashtra, Home Department, Dhantoli, Nagpur – 440012, Maharashtra, India
Corresponding Author: Vaishali B. Mahajan
The maternal uncle was falsely implicated by a victim aged 16 in the crime of rape under section 376 of Indian Penal Code after detection of pregnancy during regular medical check-up at government shelter home. He was saved from being punished for the crime which was not at all committed by him only with the help of mismatch of his DNA paternity with the aborted fetus of victim. DNA paternity test had given new direction to case and in further investigation the real accuse who was her brother-in-law found matched paternity with aborted fetus. It was the DNA test that brought relief to suspect who was falsely implicated by victim to save her sister’s family life. The charge of 376 shifted to real accuse i.e. brother-in-law of Victim. Hon’ble court sentenced him rigorous imprisonment for seven years and fined him Rs.2000/- for raping a minor on the basis of DNA paternity test report.
Key words: DNA Profiling, Polymerase Chain Reaction, Short Tandem Repeats.