Year: 2017 | Month: June | Volume: 7 | Issue: 6 | Pages: 322-330
A Crevice Look to the Indoors of Body Donation
Dr. Divia Paul. A1, Dr. Manisha Rajanand Gaikwad2, Ramakrishna Avadhani3
1JRF, PhD Schola, 3Professor & H.O.D,
Department of Anatomy, Yenepoya Medical College, Yenepoya University, Deralakatte – 575018, Mangalore, Karnataka state, India
2Addl Professor & HOD, Department of Anatomy, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar - 751 019 Odisha State, India
Corresponding Author: Dr. Divia Paul. A
The concept of body donation has evolved over centuries and there are still considerable discrepancies among countries regarding the means by which human bodies can be acquired and used for education and research. In many countries the act of body donation is guided by laws and ethical frameworks. This has evolved alongside the needs for medical knowledge and for improved teaching of human anatomy. They have well established donation programs to engage the donated bodies to teach human gross anatomy for dissection. In contrast, there are countries without donation programs where unclaimed bodies or perhaps a few donated bodies are used for dissection requirements. The wield of cadavers for dissection is unthinkable for cultural or religious reasons in many countries. The present review revealed that the medical professional who preaches the benefits of body donation fails to apply their professional knowledge in to practice on themselves or among their family members. There should be a convergent organisational structure to bridge the gap between theory and practice. Comprehensive research is performed in Western countries for the motivation towards body donation; however, there is still insufficient research on body donation in India to provide information on how to increase the body-donation rate. There are differences in education level and socioeconomic status between the willing donors in India and those from Western countries. The root level changes in attitude towards the donation programmes should be emphasised. Multi-focused awareness programs should be conducted after assessing the pitfalls of each program which has been already executed before.
Key words: Body donation, Cadaver, Dissection.