International Journal of Health Sciences and Research

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Original Research Article

Year: 2017 | Month: June | Volume: 7 | Issue: 6 | Pages: 242-249

Existing State of Implementing Fall Preventing Strategies in Shahid Gangalal National Heart Centre, Nepal

Krishna Kumari Paudel, Subedi1, Vidya Joshi Koirala2, Lalita Maharjan3, Gayanand Mandal4

1Nursing Director, 2Nursing Supervisor, 3Lalita Maharjan,
Shahid Gangalal National Heart Centre
4Additional Professor, Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, BPKIHS

Corresponding Author: Krishna Kumari Paudel, Subedi


Background: Fall is defined as a sudden, unexpected descent from standing, sitting, or horizontal position in which the person is found lying on the floor. Sometimes, fall in a sick patient can be disastrous. Nurses have to hold a lot of weights on their shoulder regarding prevention of patient fall and promotion of patient safety. As falls are a nurse sensitive measure, nurses play a pivotal role in the prevention of falls.
Objectives: The objective of this study was to determine the status quo of hospital in fall prevention from nursing perspective.
Methodology: A descriptive-Cross- sectional design was adopted for the study and consecutively 151 nurses were enrolled by using purposive sampling technique. Data was collected with self-administered structured questionnaire. Similarly, data was presented by using descriptive statistics in form of frequencies and percentages for demographic data. T test and ANOVA test were used to find out association.
Results: Majority of respondents belonged in the group of 20-29 years of age (mean age= 25.6 years). Majority of respondent (58.3%) mentioned that there was no any incident regarding patient fall. Regarding implementation of fall preventive strategies, 86.1% respondents had implemented adequately. This study shows that education of respondent had role to implement patient fall prevention strategies. However, it was not affected by years of experiences. Cronbach alpha of pretest was .778 in pretest and in large study it was .881.
Conclusion: Majority of the Nurses (86%) had implemented patient fall prevention strategies adequately. Patient status related factors were highly considered and environment related strategies were seen as weakly implemented.

Key words: Fall, Fall preventive strategies, Nurses

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