International Journal of Health Sciences and Research

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Original Research Article

Year: 2017 | Month: June | Volume: 7 | Issue: 6 | Pages: 186-196

Effect of Pilates Training Program on Balance in Participants with Idiopathic Parkinson’s Disease - an Interventional Study

Dr. Shailja Pandya1, Dr. T. Nagendran2, Dr. Avni Shah1, Dr. Vittal Chandrabharu3

1Assistant Professor, C U Shah Physiotherapy College, Surendranagar, Gujarat, India.
2Senior Physical Therapy Practitioner, PMR Hospital, Kuwait
3Clinical Physiotherapist, General Hospital, Deesa, Gujarat, India.

Corresponding Author: Dr. Shailja Pandya


Background and Purpose: Parkinson’s disease is a chronic progressive neurodegenerative disorder of insidious onset, characterized by the predominantly motor symptomatology associated with a diversity of non-motor symptoms together with late-onset motor symptoms. Various approaches and advances in treatment for improving balance are viz. Pilates, Yoga, Tai-chi, Feldreinkrias, etc. This study is to determine the effectiveness of Pilates Training over Conventional Balance Training on balance in participants with Idiopathic Parkinson’s Disease.
Study Design: An Interventional Study.
Materials and Methodology: 30 subjects with Idiopathic Parkinson’s Disease of age group <65 years. Participants who were willing to participate and fulfill the selection criteria were included and they were divided in 2 groups with Convenient Sampling followed by Systematic allocation. GroupA was treated with Conventional Physiotherapy and Group B was treated with Pilates exercises with Conventional Physiotherapy. Subjects were assessed at baseline and 7th week (post- intervention). Outcome measures were taken for BBS, ABC and TUG for assessment and analysis.
Result: A statistical significant (<0.05) difference between both the groups were identified over the period of 7 weeks for functional balance, confidence level and functional activities. The results showed a higher significant improvement in experimental group (Group B) compared to control group (Group A).
Conclusion: Pilates Intervention with Conventional Balance Training is more effective than Conventional Balance Training alone to improve functional balance, confidence level and functional activities in participants with Idiopathic Parkinson’s Disease.

Key words: Parkinson’s Disease, Basal Ganglia, Conventional Balance Training, Pilates

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