International Journal of Health Sciences and Research

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Original Research Article

Year: 2017 | Month: June | Volume: 7 | Issue: 6 | Pages: 116-120

Comparative Study of Visual Reaction Time in Healthy Controls and Patients with Different Duration of Diabetes Mellitus

Dr Anand kumar Dhole1, Dr Shreechakradhar Mungal2, Dr Sushil Dube1

1Assistant Professor, Department of Physiology, Dr Shankarrao Chavan Government Medical College Nanded, Maharashtra State, India 431601.
2Associate Professor, Department of Physiology B.J Govt. Medical College, Pune (Maharashtra) 411001

Corresponding Author: Dr Anand kumar Dhole


Introduction: In chronic Type-II Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) Peripheral Neuropathy (PN) is one of the most common complications. The severity of Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy is related to the duration of diabetes and degree of glycemic control. Need has arisen to detect neuropathy earlier before it is clinically visible. Reaction Time has physiological significance and is a simple and non-invasive test for peripheral as well as central neural structures.
Materials and Methods- This study was conducted in Dr Shankarrao Chavan Govt. Medical College Nanded for a period of 6 months on a total of 90 male participants aged between 40-50 years. Among 90 participants, total of 60 type II diabetic male patients were grouped as the study group with a total of 30 male patients with the duration of diabetes from 1-5 years as group-D1 and 30 patients with the duration of diabetes from 5-10 years as group-D2. Remaining 30 non diabetic ages matched male participants were grouped as the control group and visual reaction time was recorded. Reaction time was taken as mean ± standard deviation (SD). Data was collected and statistically analyzed using Graphpad prism software the level of significance was tested by t‑test. The observation was taken as significant with P value less than 0.05.
Results- We found that visual reaction time was significantly prolonged in diabetics (P<0.0001). The group-D1 diabetics performed significantly better than group-D2 diabetics (P<0.05).
Conclusion- We concluded that there is a significant difference in the visual reaction time of diabetics and normal healthy controls. We observed prolonged visual reaction time in diabetics, which increased with the duration of the disease.

Key words: Type II Diabetes Mellitus, Neuropathy, Reaction Time

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