Original Research Article
Year: 2017 | Month: April | Volume: 7 | Issue: 4 | Pages: 40-48
Description of Reticulocyte-Hemoglobin, Immature Reticulocyte Fraction and Reticulocyte Production Index on the Student 12-15 Years Who Get Local Fortification Rice
Sultan Akbar Toruntjua, Mansyur Arifb, Veni Hadjuc, Aminuddin Syamd, Sitti Khadijah Hamide, Abd. Razak Thahaf
aFaculty of Medicine, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, South Sulawesi, and Department of Nutrition Health Poliechnic of Kendari, Indonesia.
bDepartment of Clinical Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, 90245, Indonesia.
cDepartment of Public Health Nutrition, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, South Sulawesi, 90245, Indonesia.
Corresponding Author: Abd. Razak Thaha
Anemia as a crucial problem in many parts of the world, is no exception in Indonesia, with a prevalence of 21.7%, of which 18.4% among the young men, ranging from mild to severe anemia, (Riskesdas-2013). The objective: (1) Knowing the concentration description of Reticulocyte Hemoglobin (RET-He) on the students, (2) Know the concentration description of Immature Reticulocyte Fraction (IRF) on the students, 3. Know the concentration description of Reticulocyte Production Index (RPI) to the students. The Methods was experimental Study has be done in the 2 groups, the treatment group and control, in Pesantren Annihayah, Karawang. Giving the treatment conducted during 6 months (first 3 months or midline and the second 3 months or endline), but the data retrieval of Ret. He, IRF and RPI on endline only. Total sample counted 36 rounded 40 people / groups, but at the end of the study to 32 treated group and 32 controls. Treatment by the provision of fortified rice 6 micronutrients. Given through rice lunch and dinner, as much as 200 grams / times of administration. Taking and examination of blood by laboratory personnel of "Prodia Jakarta". Results show that the average levels of Ret-He Endline normal ( > 25.0 pg), but when compared between treatment with control, then the control group had an average much higher than the mean average treatment groups, especially in the age group > 14 years. Shows that although the average value of IRF is still below the standard value (<11 %). However, when compared to the value of IRF treatment group and control group, the higher in the treatment group, because it was nearing standard. The average level of RPI endline, where all three age groups in the treatment group and the control group for all three age groups showed an average RPI is lacking (<1.0%). When compared between the treatment groups with the control, then the control has on average a higher than average treatment groups, especially in the age group > 13 years. In conclusion (1) Concentration of Ret-He in the control group had an average higher than the average treatment groups, especially in the age group > 14 years. (2) Concentration IRF higher in the treatment group and already nearing the standard compared to the control group. (3) The concentration of RPI in the control group is higher than the treatment group.
Key words: Foods Fortification, Reticulocyte Hemoglobin, Immature Reticulocyte Fraction and Reticulocyte Production Index