Year: 2017 | Month: April | Volume: 7 | Issue: 4 | Pages: 425-428
Review Article on Knowledge and Practices of People on Hygiene
Assistant professor in the Department of Community Medicine, J.N.M.C.H, A.M.U., Aligarh
Diarrhea and water-borne diseases are leading causes of mortality and morbidity in developing countries. Approximately 88% of diarrhoeal diseases are attributed to unsafe water supply, inadequate sanitation and hygiene. In India lack of access to safe water supply and inadequate sanitation facilities together with unhygienic conditions have contributed to high morbidity amongst the rural population especially in children less than 5 years of age. Maintaining high food safety levels in school food services is very important because any incidences can affect a high number of students. Previous hand hygiene studies reported that children with proper hand washing practices are less likely to report gastrointestinal and respiratory symptoms. Hand washing with soap has been reported to reduce diarrheal morbidity by 44% and respiratory infections by 23%. Lack of soap and water, as well as inadequate sanitation facilities may be two of the main reasons why children do not wash their hands .Poor hygiene practices and inadequate sanitary conditions play major roles in the increased burden of communicable diseases within developing countries. School-based hygiene education is very important to decrease the rates of transmissible diseases.
Key words: hygiene, knowledge, practices, review article