Original Research Article
Year: 2017 | Month: April | Volume: 7 | Issue: 4 | Pages: 280-288
A Comparative Study to Assess Problem of Inverted Nipple and Its Relationship to Successful Breast Feeding Among Antenatal Mothers
Shilpa Umesh Bagal1, Jyoti A. Salunkhe1, Avinash H. Salunkhe1, Dr. S. V. Kakade2, Vaishali R. Mohite1
1Affliation-Krishna Institute of Nursing Sciences, Karad, Maharashtra, India.
2Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences, Karad, Maharashtra, India.
Corresponding Author: Mrs. Jyoti A. Salunkhe
Background: The first feed is a profoundly important experience to the mother and her baby. Breast feeding is the ideal form of feeding in the neonate. Artificial feeding exposes the infant to infection and results in over a million deaths annually worldwide due to ill effects. Most of primi mothers are not able to breastfeed their babies properly due to inverted nipples. The poor breastfeeding may not be always the outcome of illiteracy; it can also be due to flat or inverted nipples.
Material and Methods: The comparative research approach with two group post- test only experimental design was used. The independent variable was the cut disposable syringe technique intreating inverted nipple and dependent variable was the successful breastfeeding (LATCH).Study was conducted on 60 mothers admitted in maternity ward of Krishna Hospital, Karad, by using purposive sample technique. The data were collected, tabulated and analyzed by using descriptive and inferential statistics.
Demographic variables in both groups
In group I 27(45%) and 29(48%) mothers from group II belonged to 18- 25 years of age. The difference in proportions was not significant (Fisher exact P = 0.6120). In group I 24(40%) and 22(37%) mothers from group II were educated up to primary and secondary. The difference was not significant (P = 0.7611). In group I 28(47%) and 29(48%) mothers from group II were housewives. The difference was not significant (P= 1.0000). In group I 26(43%) and 26(43%) mothers from group II had their monthly income more than 5000 Rs. The difference was not significant (P =1.0000). In group I 30(50%) and 27(45%) mothers from group II belonged to joint family. The difference was not significant (P = 0.2373).In group I 27(45%) and 30(50%) mothers from group II were Hindu by religion. The difference was not significant (P = 0.2373).
Supportive and teaching needs
There was no significant difference found in the mean score of supportive needs and teaching needs between group I and group II (P=0.1595 and t=1.425).
Successful breastfeeding according to LATCH score
In both groups all the babies had LATCH score 7 and above and they were achieved successful breastfeeding.
Weight loss of the babies on 4th day
The mean weight of the babies on 4th day was 2.4906 + 0.2409 Kg. in group I, 2.4671 + 0.3080 Kg. in group II the difference was not significant as Unpaired t=0.3268, P=0.7450.
Problem of inverted and normal nipples
None of the mother was developed problem with inverted and normal.
Conclusion: The correction of inverted nipples with cut disposable syringe technique may be effective in achievement of successful breastfeeding with inverted nipples.
Key words: Cut disposable syringe, health education, LATCH, weight of the babies, supportive needs; successful breast feeding; teaching needs.