Original Research Article
Year: 2017 | Month: April | Volume: 7 | Issue: 4 | Pages: 258-264
A Study to Determine the Effectiveness of Mobilization with Movement Techniques in Knee Osteoarthritis Pain
Anjali Vyankatesh Kulkarni1, Manasi Madhav Kamat2
1Assistant Professor, Dept. Of Physiotherapy, MAEER’S Physiotherapy College, Talegaon –Dabhade, Pune, India.410507
2Intern: MAEER’S Physiotherapy College, Talegaon –Dabhade, Pune, India, Masters in Rehabilitation Sciences: University of Pittsburgh, USA
Corresponding Author: Anjali Vyankatesh Kulkarni
Background & Objectives: In India, Osteoarthritis (OA) knee is the most prevalent form of arthritis and it is estimated that about 15 million people in the country are affected with it. The present study was undertaken to determine the effectiveness of mulligan’s mobilization with movement techniques on pain in knee osteoarthritis.
Methods: 30 patients (males and females) who attended BSTR hospital, Pune, India falling under the inclusion criteria were selected with the informed consent. Subjects were randomly divided into two groups: Control Group (15 subjects) and Experimental Group (15 subjects). On the first day, each patient was subjected to 6-minute walk test and VAS (pain) and distance covered was noted. Control group received conventional treatment (TENS and exercise program). Experimental group received conventional treatment along with Mulligan’s mobilization with movement technique.
Result: At the end of 3 days treatment sessions, both the groups obtained successful outcomes, as measured by significant reductions in VAS (p < 0.05) and improvement in 6-minute walk test distance over a 3 days period. However post treatment distance covered in the experimental group (mean =37, SD=16.882) was markedly better than the post treatment distance covered in control group (mean =35, SD=23.146)
Conclusion: The study concluded that Mulligan’s Mobilization with Movement (MWM) technique is effective in reducing pain in patients with knee osteoarthritis. Statistically significant reduction in VAS (pain) and marked improvement in the distance covered by the subjects was observed in the experimental group post treatment.
Key words: Osteoarthritis knee, Mulligan Mobilization with Movement, TENS, six minute walk test.