Original Research Article
Year: 2017 | Month: April | Volume: 7 | Issue: 4 | Pages: 217-223
A Study on Pattern of Head Injuries in Two Wheeler Road Traffic Accidents
Dr. P. Ravi Kumar
Associate Professor, Department of Forensic Medicine, Gitam Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Vishakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India.
Road traffic injuries are the ninth leading cause of deaths globally, and are estimated to rank sixth by the year 2020. The outcome of injuries sustained in an RTA depends on various factors including but not limited to: the location of the event, type of vehicle involved, nature of the roads, the time of accident. In The PIMS Total 100 cases of head injury deaths were brought to mortuary directly from the spot or from accidental emergency or from neurosurgery department for the autopsy examination and out of these 70 cases of RTAs (70.83%) were selected for the present study. The incidences of subdural hemorrhage (SDH) was maximum in 68.13% cases followed by subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) in 68.13% cases, intracerebral hemorrhage in 12.89% cases and extradural hemorrhage (EDH) in only 12.89% cases. As this study shows head injuries were common among motorized two wheelers (22.6%) and none used helmet. The use of properly designed helmet should be made compulsory especially among the riders of motorized two wheelers. This might be effective in reducing head injuries. Prompt and adequate ambulance service should be provided to the victims with the help of government and other voluntary agencies. Computerization and use of International Classification of Diseases code in the hospitals would help in preparation of a good database for future studies and other uses.
Key words: Head Injuries, Two Wheeler, Road Traffic and Accidents.