Original Research Article
Year: 2017 | Month: April | Volume: 7 | Issue: 4 | Pages: 127-131
Acinetobacter in Burn Wound Infection: Emerging problem in Central India
Prashant Meshram, Varsha Wanjare
Department of Microbiology, Government Medical College, Nagpur
Introduction: Burn patients are at greater risk of microbial infections. Gram positive and Gram negative organisms are responsible for burn wound infections. Emergence of multidrug resistance in Acinetobacter poses threat to the burn patients with increased morbidity and mortality.
Aims and Objectives: The aim of present study was to know the incidence of Acinetobacter infection in burn patient with its antimicrobial resistance.
Material and Methods: Prospective cross sectional study was carried out including 258 burn patients. Wound swabs are processed as per Standard Microbiological Procedure and infecting organisms were identified upto species level.
Observation and Results: Females are more prone to burn injury with majority of patients belong to 21-30 yrs. of age group. Overall, wound culture positivity is 68.51% with predominance of gram negative organisms. Acinetobacter species account for 5.37% burn wound infections. Acinetobacter spp. were resistant to commonly used antimicrobials. Although, Imipenem and Meropenem have some degree of sensitivity, there are chances of emerging resistance to them.
Conclusion: Therefore, with limited antimicrobials available against Acinetobacter spp. , one needs to be cautious in prescribing antimicrobials.
Key words: Acinetobacter, Antimicrobial resistance.