International Journal of Health Sciences and Research

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Original Research Article

Year: 2017 | Month: March | Volume: 7 | Issue: 3 | Pages: 216-223

Risk of Coronary Artery Disease among Nurses Working at BPKIHS Nepal

Mandal G.N1*, Pradhan N2**, Shrestha E3*

1Additional Professor, 2Assistant Professor, 3Senior Demonstrator,
*Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, **Department of Psychiatric Nursing,
College of Nursing, B.P. Koirala, Institute of health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal.

Corresponding Author: Mandal G.N


Introduction: Coronary artery disease is the most prevalent yet one of the most preventable causes of death. It is the leading cause of death and disability. The study aimed at finding out the level of risk for coronary artery diseases among employees working at BPKIHS and also to find out the association between the levels of risk of coronary artery disease with selected demographic variables.
Methods: Cross sectional descriptive study was used. Verbal consent was obtained from all participants. Total 40 nurses working at BPKIHS were enrolled in the study by using non probability convenience sampling. Data were analysed by using descriptive statistics (frequency, mean and SD) and inferential statistics (chi square) to find out the association between the level of risk and selected demographic variables.
Results: Study result shows that majority of respondents (87 %) were married, 90 % of them were Hindu, and 50 % of respondents had an education of graduate level in nursing, Regarding overall risk of respondents, 87.5 % of respondents were found to be at lower risk of coronary artery disease, 12.5 % of them were found to be at moderate risk and none of them were found to be at higher risk of coronary artery disease. There is no association between the level of risk among respondents with sex, marital status, religion, education and family history of coronary artery disease (p>0.05).
Conclusion: It can be concluded that educational programme regarding the early detection and prevention of coronary artery disease should be carried out periodically for individual prior to the clinical evidence of it with the goal of preventing its occurrence.

Key words: Coronary artery disease, Nurse, BPKIHS, Nepal.

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