Original Research Article
Year: 2017 | Month: March | Volume: 7 | Issue: 3 | Pages: 8-13
An Epidemiological Study of Burns Patients Admitted in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Bhubaneswar, Odisha
Dr. Jayant Kumar Dash1, Dr. Ipsa Mohapatra2
1Associate Professor & Head of Department, Department of Burns, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, IMS & SUM Hospital, Bhubaneswar,
2Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Kalinga Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar,
Corresponding Author: Dr. Ipsa Mohapatra
Introduction: Burn injuries are a major global public health problem. An epidemiological study being the first step in planning preventive and management strategies, the study was planned to throw light on exact nature of burn injuries.
Objectives: To study the epidemiological factors in relation to burn cases at a tertiary care level teaching hospital
Methods: A cross-sectional study of all burn injury cases admitted at tertiary care level teaching hospital, over a period of one year from January 2014 to December 2014. Universal sampling method was employed. All burn patients who were admitted in burns unit, or legally accepted guardians, in case of serious patients who consented were included; those who did not give informed written consent were excluded. Total number of participants in the study period was 74. A semi-structured questionnaire was used for obtaining socio-demographic details and details about burns injury. Data was entered into Microsoft excel worksheet and analysed using EpiInfo software version3.5.4. Institutional Ethics committee approval was obtained.
Result: Flame burn was the most common cause of burns accounting for 45.95% of the total burns. Scald burn was seen in 36.49% subjects and electric burn in only 10(13.51%) subjects. Overall mortality was found to be 10.81%.
Conclusion: Total body surface area burnt was found to be associated with mode of burns, arrangement of cooking stove/chullah on floor in case of kitchen burns; while mortality among burn victims was found to be highly significantly associated with the total body surface area.
Key words: Cross-Sectional, epidemiological, burns, mortality, flame burn, scald burn.