International Journal of Health Sciences and Research

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Original Research Article

Year: 2017 | Month: December | Volume: 7 | Issue: 12 | Pages: 52-57

Dermatoglyphics: A Study of Finger Tip Patterns in CAD Patients of North India and Its Genetic Disposition

Aijaz Ahmad Patloo1, Mudasir Ahmad Khan1, Nuzhat Bashir2

1Demonstrator, Department of Anatomy, Government Medical College, Srinagar-2, India
2Post-Graduate, Department of Anatomy, Government Medical College-Jammu, India

Corresponding Author: Mudasir Ahmad Khan


Introduction: Dermatoglyphics is the scientific study of skin creases and lines thus forming an important part of the surface anatomy. The development of this pattern occurs at much earlier embryonic stage. This is the same period when most of the organs and systems develop including cardiovascular system. Hence in this study we evaluated the dermatoglyphics in the patients of coronary artery disease as compared to the controls.
Materials and Methods:  The present study was conducted on 50 patients with confirmed diagnosis of coronary artery disease who visited the outpatient and inpatient department of Cardiology at Government Medical College Jammu. 50 subjects were taken as controls and it was seen that they do not suffer from any relevant disease and are not on any relevant medication.
Result: The results showed that percentage of ulnar loops were more among the people of Jammu Region who were taken as controls and the percentage of whorls dominated in patients of Coronary artery disease.
Conclusion: Dermatoglyphics in Coronary artery disease showed significant variation as compare to normal. Presence of above dermatoglyphic features will help us to predict that these individuals may be susceptible for Coronary artery disease. It warrants further research in the same direction.

Key words: Dermatoglyphics, Coronary artery disease, Pattern, Loops, Arches, Whorls.

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