Year: 2017 | Month: December | Volume: 7 | Issue: 12 | Pages: 276-289
Efficient Wastewater Management for Sustainable Development: Challenges and Prospects an Indian Scenario
Clyde J.Vincent1, Amar R Supate2, Nitin S. Desai3
1Junior Research Fellow, 3Director, Amity Institute of Biotechnology, Amity University, Mumbai, Bhatan, Panvel, Mumbai - 410206
2Principal Scientific Officer, Maharashtra Pollution Control Board, Govt of Maharashtra, Sion, Mumbai - 400022
Corresponding Author: Nitin S. Desai
The past few decades have witnessed a drastic decrease in the availability on natural water reserve, as a result of increasing global population and industrialisation. Understanding the need of the available resources is of utmost importance for any nation to function efficiently. Adversely affected water generates wastewater which contains potential hazards such as organic as well as inorganic pollutants which intern have a detrimental effect on the environment and human health. The amount of wastewater generated to the amount of wastewater treated varies greatly, depending on the economy of the country, at the same time the amount of wastewater reused is very less. The declining trend and cause of reduction in water availability is a serious concern which is indicated in the present study. The present study also focuses on the aspects of wastewater management and its importance for reuse along with suggestions of improved technologies for wastewater treatment. The motive of the study is to understand the importance of wastewater reuse in an efficient manner so that sustainable development can be maintained, thus reducing encumbrance on the natural resources.
Key words: Water scarcity, Water availability, Sustainable development, Membrane aerated biofilm reactors (MABR), Bioreactor, Nanotechnology.