Original Research Article
Year: 2017 | Month: December | Volume: 7 | Issue: 12 | Pages: 132-140
A Pilot Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Diabetic Risk Reduction Package on Knowledge, Lifestyle and Biophysiological Measures among Prediabetic Employees in Selected Institutions, Thiruvallur District
1PhD Scholar, Omayal Achi College of Nursing, Chennai, Tamilnadu
2Principal, Vignesh Nursing College, Thiruvanamalai, Tamilnadu
Corresponding Author: Mrs.Aswathi.K.V
Background: Diabetes is considered as a multi system disorder, whose prevalence is globally increasing and is considered as a global health change of 21st century. World Health Organization (WHO) estimates the adults having diabetes in 2014 was 422 million with obesity considered as a major contributing factor. Prediabetes is defined as impaired fasting Glucose or impaired glucose tolerance with fasting blood glucose 100-125mg/dl. Prediabetes is considered as a distinct entity under the classification of ICD-10 with diagnostic code R73-09. It’s a reversible condition projecting the last window opportunity against impeding diabetes. Diabetes can be considerably overcome through simple and safe measures to promote health and prevent development of Diabetes from Prediabetes.
Aim: The pilot study aimed at assessing the reliability and feasibility of the data collection and intervention tool and its effectiveness in Preventing or delaying diabetes.
Methods: Quantitative research approach with quasi experimental design was used. A total of 32 prediabetic employees aged between 30-60 years, who could understand English and were teaching in the selected schools formed the samples, with 16 prediabetic employees each group from four selected schools of Thiruvallur District, formed the experimental and control group. Enumerative sampling technique was used to select the samples. Data was collected using the Questionnaire prepared by the investigator.
Results: Both the data collection tools were found to be highly reliable. Statistical analysis of the background variables revealed homogeneity between the experimental and control group in the pre-test. With regard to knowledge in post test the experimental group showed statistical significance at p<0.001. Selected lifestyle variables namely consumption of red meat, junk foods ,fruits, skipping of meals and skipping of meals showed statistical significance. Since there was minimal difference in biophysiological variables there was statistical significance seen only in BMI at p<0.05. Mild positive correlation was identified between the knowledge and life style and negative fair correlation between life style and biophysiological measures.
Conclusion: The results indicated that assessment tools used, namely the questionnaire and the intervention tool are highly reliable and appropriate for assessing the effectiveness of DRRP. It was found to be simple and practicable for maintain the healthy life and preventing the progression to diabetes.
Recommendation: The components of prediabetic screening like BMI, WC, IDRS and FBS need to be an integral part of health assessment in all the primary, secondary and tertiary level of health care settings.
Key words:Assess, Prediabetes, diabetic risk reduction package, IDRS