Original Research Article
Year: 2017 | Month: December | Volume: 7 | Issue: 12 | Pages: 6-15
Comparison of the Efficacy between Triamcinolone Gel 0, 1% and Lidocaine Gel 2% Applied Over Tracheal Tube to Reduce Postoperative Sore Throat, Cough, and Hoarseness after General Anesthesia
Rose Mafiana1, Endang Melati Maas1, Theodorus2, Wendy Wijaya3
1Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care, 2Medical Research Unit, 3Fellow of Department of Anesthesia
and Critical Care, Medicine Faculty of Sriwijaya University, Palembang Indonesia
Corresponding Author: Wendy Wijaya
Background: Endotracheal intubation was done to maintain airway patency in patients undergoing general anesthesia. Endotracheal Tube intubation (ETT) might cause complications in the form of complaints symptoms of sore throat, cough and hoarseness of voice. These complaints were caused by irritation and inflammation of the airway as a result of trauma to the airway mucosa.
Objective: This study was to determine the efficacy between triamcinolone gel 0,1 % and lidocaine gel 2% applied over tracheal tube to reduce postoperative sore throat, cough, and hoarseness after general anesthesia.
Methods: Randomized controlled trial, double blind test has been conducted in patients who undergo surgery with general anesthesia endotracheal intubation technique in operating theater Dr. Mohammad Hoes in General Hospital Palembang Indonesia in October 2016 - December 2016. There were 56 subjects who full filled to the criteria inclusion and were divided into two groups: triamcinolone gel 0, 1% group and lidocain gel 2% group. Statistical analyses were performed by using SPSS software version 17.
Results: General characteristics of the subjects included age, gender, ASA and duration of operation between the two groups showed no significantly difference (p> 0.05).Ttriamcinolone 0.1% gel was effective than lidocaine gel 2% in preventing and reducing the incidence of POST in the first 24 hours post-extubation
Conclusion: there was no significant difference between triamcinolone gel 0,1% and lidocain gel 2% to reduce sore throat, cough and hoarseness due to endotracheal intubation in 24th hours and after 24th hours after extubation.
Key words: triamcinolone gel 0, 1%, lidocain gel 2%, post operative sorethroat, cough, hoarseness, randomized controlled trial