Original Research Article
Year: 2017 | Month: December | Volume: 7 | Issue: 12 | Pages: 114-119
Effectiveness of Psycho Educative Intervention on Psychological Problems among Burn Patients Admitted At Pravara Rural Hospital, Loni
Verna Ruth1, Vimala G2
1Clinical Instructor, College of Nursing, Wanless Hospital, Miraj
2Assistant Professor, College of Nursing, Pravara Institute of Medical Sciences, Loni.
Corresponding Author: Ms. Verna Ruth
Background: Burn in India has distinct demographic profile, risk factor, nutrition and family problems. Psychological distress is among the most frequent and debilitating complications post-burn injury. Symptoms of depression, anxiety and PTSD are common and start to appear in the acute phase of recovery. Nurses play an important role in reducing the impact of physical and psychological problems in burn patients. The present study was undertaken with objectives of determining the effectiveness of Psycho Educative Intervention on psychological problems of burns patients.
Aims & Objectives:
(1) To assess the psychological problems of burn patients before implementation of psycho educative intervention.
(2) To determine the effectiveness of Psycho-educative Intervention on psychological problems of burns patients.
(3) To correlate the post-test level of psychological problems of burn patients with their selected socio-demographic variables.
Materials and methods: An quasi experimental study, where pretest, posttest design without control group approach was used in Pravara Rural Hospital, Loni (Bk), The data were collected from 30 burn patients who were selected by purposive sampling technique. A structured questionnaire (Hospital anxiety and depression scale, Emotional wellbeing scale and Post traumatic stress disorder) was prepared to collect data. After the pretest the psycho educative interventions and educative materials like (pamphlets and leaflets) was administered to patients before discharge. The post test was carried on the day of follow up first visit. The data was analyzed with descriptive and inferential statistics whenever required.
Results: It was found there was a significant difference between the mean scores of anxiety i.e. pre-test (10.03±3.9) and post-test (8.4±1.68) with the mean differences of 1.4. And depression i.e. pre-test (10.8±2.68) and post-test (8.4±1.68) with the mean differences of 1.43. There was a significant associations was found between depression and socio demographic variables like gender (c2=3.87); and unpleasant feelings age (c2=3.84) and post-traumatic stress disorder with (c2=4.64). A positive relationship existed between the anxiety, depression, emotional wellbeing and post-traumatic stress disorder.
Conclusion: The study outcomes revealed that the psycho-educative intervention was found to be effective in reducing anxiety, depression and pleasant and unpleasant feeling and post-traumatic stress disorder of burn patients. It should be emphasized that psycho-educative interventions should be practiced and used routinely to have a better outcome in burn patients.
Key words: Assess, effectiveness, anxiety, depression, pleasant and unpleasant feelings and post traumatic stress disorder, Psycho-educative interventions, and burn patients.