Original Research Article
Year: 2017 | Month: November | Volume: 7 | Issue: 11 | Pages: 191-196
Low Back Pain and Other Work Related Musculoskeletal Disorders and Choice of Treatment among Farmers in a Small Village of the Maharashtra State in India: A Self Reported Preliminary Study Using a Simple Questionnaire
Arun V. Panat1, Dr. Dilip Avadhut Kulkarni2, Dr. Ravindra Ghooi3
1Retired Associate Professor and Head, Department of Zoology, ASC College, Rahuri. Dist. Ahmednagar
2Sanjeevani Hospital, Rahuri Dist. Ahmednagar
3Retired Professor, Symbiosis International University, Pune,
School of Biomedical Sciences. Director, Scientia Clinical Services, India
Corresponding Author: Arun V. Panat
Objectives: The study aims to establish LBP prevalence, possible associates, health service preferences and common physical complaints by farmers.
Methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was carried out using convenience sampling in 224 farmers from Tambhere village, District Ahmednagar, Maharashtra state, India via 30 trained NSS volunteers. Data were analyzed by calculating percentage using a scientific calculator.
Results: The response rate was 90 %.( N=224). Total 196 (88%) farmers reported LBP trouble. Acute, sub acute and recurring prevalence of LBP was 26% (n=50), 49% (n=97) and 25% (n=49) respectively. Lifting weights and activity involving live stock were the major factors for LBP noted by farmers. 66% (n=130) respondents preferred a general practitioner (GP) and 51% (n=100) respondents additionally chose home remedies. Major symptoms reported by farmers were a) Ache in body muscles b) pain radiating from waist to foot c) LBP during rest / sleep d) morning stiffness in the spine and e) pain at joints.
Conclusions: Strained Work of farming related low back pain and musculoskeletal disorders are alarming in the unorganized farming sector of this region and it is necessary to tackle these problems urgently for better health and farming output.
Key words: 1) Rural Farmers 2) musculoskeletal problems 3) low back pain 4) Occupational hazards 5) Maharashtra