Original Research Article
Year: 2017 | Month: October | Volume: 7 | Issue: 10 | Pages: 134-151
A Study to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Pulmonary Rehabilitation Program (PRP) on Physiological Parameters and Quality of Life among Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) in Selected Hospital of Delhi
Dr. Daisy Thomas
Registrar, Delhi Nursing Council, Ahilya Bai College of Nursing Building, Lok Nayak Hospital, New Delhi - 110002
Objectives of the study were to: 1) Assess and evaluate the effects of Pulmonary rehabilitation program (PRP) on physiological parameters of patients after undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) , 2) Assess and evaluate the effect of Pulmonary rehabilitation program (PRP) on quality of life of patients after undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG). The theoretical framework adopted is based on nursing process model given by Ida Jean Orlando. Quantitative Experimental Approach and Quasi Experimental time series non equivalent control group Design was used. Consecutive sampling technique was used with sample size of 200 for experimental and control group. Tools used were : 1) Structured Interview Schedule to collect the demographic characteristics and disease related variables, 2) Observation Schedule to observe the physiological parameters by Pulse Oximeter, Counting respiratory rate , BP Apparatus, Incentive Spirometer & Peak flow meter, 3) Structured Interview Schedule for pain assessment by Visual Numeric pain scale , 4) State trait anxiety inventory by C.D. Spielberger’s – for anxiety level, 5) Structured Interview Schedule for assessment of Quality of Life by Modified WHO QOL BREF. The significant finding of the study were : 1) On exposure to PRP experimental group had significant difference on physiological parameters with the control group subjects except the Mean Systolic as well as Diastolic Blood Pressure. 2) The patients who underwent CABG and exposed to PRP had significant difference on level of pain. 3) The anxiety level has increased from baseline to 3rdpost operative day in both experimental and control group. Further it was observed that there was a gradual reduction in the anxiety level, where the reduction is more in experimental group than the control group, 4) On exposure to PRP had significant difference in the Quality Of Life as it has increased in the experimental group than in the control group subjects who were not exposed to PRP.
Key words: Pulmonary rehabilitation program (PRP), Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG).