Original Research Article
Year: 2017 | Month: October | Volume: 7 | Issue: 10 | Pages: 82-86
Comparative Effect of Fast and Slow Breathing Pranayama on Pulmonary Functions in Students
Dr. Sandeep Garg1, Dr. Sukhdev Chandla2
1Demonstrator, Department of Physiology, SHKM Government Medical College, Nalhar Mewat 122107 India
2Professor, Department of Physiology, Pt. B.D. Sharma PGIMS Rohtak 124001 India
Corresponding Author: Dr. Sandeep Garg
Background: Pranayama the fourth limb of ashtanga yoga plays a significant role in modulation of pulmonary, cardiovascular and mental functions. Due to urbanization and industrialization, environment in which one breathes has become polluted. To cope up with the changed environment, yoga and pranayama are the only way with which one can live a healthy and disease free life. Various type of pranayama are there and also there effects are also known but very few studies are available that compares the effect of fast and slow breathing pranayama. So in this study we planned to compare the effect of nadi-shodhan pranayama and bhastrika on Pulmonary functions in healthy students
Aim: To Compare the effect of Fast and Slow breathing pranayama on pulmonary functions.
Material and Methods: The study included 60 students which were divided into two groups of 30 each. One group practiced nadi-shodhan pranayama and other group perform bhastrika pranayama for 12 weeks. Their pulmonary functions were recorded at basal, 6weeks and 12weeks.
Result: There occurs a significant increase (p value <.05) in Peak Expiratory Flow Rate (PEFR) and Vital Capacity (VC) and an insignificant increase in Forced Expiratory Volume in first second (FEV1%) and Maximum Voluntary Ventilation (MVV) of slow breathing group.
Conclusion: Slow breathing pranayama is more effective in improving the PEFR and VC than fast breathing pranayama.
Key words: VC, PEFR, FEV1%, MVV, BHASTRIKA, NADI-SHODHAN