Original Research Article
Year: 2017 | Month: October | Volume: 7 | Issue: 10 | Pages: 78-81
Relation of Type 2 Diabetes and Hemoglobin with Auditory Acuity
Irani F.B1, Isaac David2
1Assistant Professor, 2Assistant Lecturer,
Department of Physiology, MGM College, Aurangabad. Maharashtra, India.
Corresponding Author: Irani F.B
Introduction: Diabetes-related sensorineural hearing impairment affects people’s ability to hear and understand sounds. This is a case control study with the purpose of determining the hearing loss in type II diabetes mellitus in relation to the Hemoglobin of the patients.
Method: 50 diabetic patients and 50 age and sex matched controls who have satisfied inclusion and exclusion criteria and have consented to participate in study were enrolled. They were evaluated by Tuning fork tests and Pure Tone Audiometry.
Result: The hearing of diabetics was significantly impaired than the non-diabetic control group. This hearing impairment was noted in all the frequencies tested. Significant difference in hearing loss was observed when the hemoglobin level was low and within normal limits (below 14 gm/dl). However, at high hemoglobin levels, the difference in hearing loss among control and diabetic group was statistically non-significant.
Conclusion: Type 2 diabetes causes significant hearing loss in the patients, and it is affected by the Hemoglobin of the patient particularly at low levels.
Key words: Audiometry, Diabetes, Sensorineural hearing loss