Original Research Article
Year: 2017 | Month: October | Volume: 7 | Issue: 10 | Pages: 60-64
Variations in the Facial Dimensions and Face Types among the Medical Students of Rupandehi District, Nepal
Anup Pandeya1, Binod Timalsina1, Bikram Khadka2, Deepak Chaudhary3
1Lecturer, Department of Anatomy, 2Lecturer, Department of Biochemistry,
Kathmandu University, Devdaha Medical College and Research Institute (DMCRI), Devdaha, Rupandehi, Nepal,
3Lecturer, Department of Anatomy, Kathmandu University, Nobel Medical College, Biratnagar, Nepal,
Corresponding Author: Anup Pandeya
Background: Facial dimensions and the face types are the most variable factors in human community. It has been the area of interest since a long time for the anthropologist, forensic experts, anatomists and surgeons.
Objective: The present study is aimed to determine the facial dimensions and face types among the medical students.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in Devdaha Medical College and Research Institute from January 14-March 15, 2017 among 130 medical students including 47 male and 83 female students. Vernier caliper was employed to measure the facial height and width. Facial index was determined and the face type was categorized by using Banister's classification. The collected data was entered in MS Excel 2007 and further analysed for the descriptive statistics as well as students t-test was performed by using SPSS 16.0.
Results: The mean facial height among the total population was 10.75 ± 0.78 cm and facial width was 12.39 ± 0.73 cm with the mean facial index of 86.83 ± 5.03. The most prevalent face type in the study was the mesoprosopic face (41.54%) followed by euryprosopic (26.92%) whereas the least prevalent was the hyperleptoprosopic face (5.38%) in males and absent in females.
Conclusion: In the present study males had the higher values of facial height, width and facial index as compared to the females. The finding of the present study is helpful for the anthropologists, anatomists, forensic medicine as well as plastic surgeons for the facial reconstruction.
Key words: Facial height, facial index, facial width, medical students.