Original Research Article
Year: 2016 | Month: April | Volume: 6 | Issue: 4 | Pages: 429-438
Assessment of Socio-Demographic Profile, Nutritional Status, Nutrient Intake and Food Consumption Pattern of Overweight and Obese Vegetarian, Eggitarian and Non-Vegetarian Women
Upasana1, Archana Chakravarty1, Kailash Kumar Gupta2, Yamini Bhusan Tripathi3
1Department of Home Science (Food & Nutrition), Banaras Hindu University, UP, India.
2Department of General Medicine, I.M.S, Banaras Hindu University, UP, India.
3Department of Medicinal Chemistry, I.M.S, Banaras Hindu University, UP, India.
Corresponding Author: Upasana
This cross sectional study investigates the association between nutritional status and dietary intake among vegetarian, eggitarian and non-vegetarian overweight and obese working women. Two hundred overweight and obese working women of Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi (respondents) were selected for this study by purposive sampling technique. Pretested and predesigned questionnaire - cum - interview schedule was used for data collection. Nutritional status of the respondents were assessed by using parameters like body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist - hip-ratio (WHR), visceral fat (VF) and percent body fat (PBF). Anthropometric measurements were taken by using standard technique (Jeliffe, 1966). The values of PBF and VF were taken by Omron Body Composition Monitor; HBF 212. Dietary intake of the respondents was assessed by food consumption pattern and nutrient intake by 24 hour dietary recall method. The result revealed that there is a significant association between height (F= 8.20, P < 0.001) and weight (F= 5.33, P < 0.01) with food habits of respondents i.e. among vegetarian, eggitarian and non-vegetarian respondents. In context of nutrient intake, it was observed that the protein, carbohydrate, calcium, phosphorus and total fibre of all the respondents were greater than recommendation i.e. RDA 2010. There was no significant association found between nutrient intake of the respondents with their food habits except in the case of calcium (F=5.24, P < 0.01). Through food consumption pattern it was observed that all respondents include wheat daily in their diet. Significant difference was found between intake of rice, roots and tuber, fruits, egg, mustard oil and sugar and jaggery with food habits of respondents. Based on these findings, it was concluded that respondents include diet according to the recommendation as well as develop pattern of physical activity in many forms like yoga, running, stair workout, exercises etc to remain fit and healthy throughout their life course.
Key words: nutritional status, anthropometric measurement, food consumption pattern, nutrient intake.