Original Research Article
Year: 2016 | Month: November | Volume: 6 | Issue: 11 | Pages: 146-151
Functional Capacity and Quality of Life in Overweight and Obese Children Aged 13-18 Years
Twinkle Sharma1, Shambhovi Mitra2
1Research Student, 2Asst Prof, MPT (Cardio-pulmonary),
Indian Spinal Injury Center, Institute of Rehabilitation Sciences, New Delhi, India.
Corresponding Author: Shambhovi Mitra
Objective:Obesity has been a rising alarm in children and adolescents from few decades, concerning the day to day life of children. We focused on investigating the relation of functional capacity and quality of life in overweight and obese children and comparing it with normal weight children.
Methods:A methodological study was done, using the individuals studying in school aged between 13-18 years from two schools of South Delhi, one Government and one Private. By using Khadikhar’s classification of BMI for Indian adolescents we categorized the individuals into three groups- Normal weight (NW), Overweight (OW) and Obese (Ob). The normal weight was between ≥18 - <23kg/mt2, overweight was between ≥23 - <28kg/mt2and obesity was ≥28kg/mt2. Functional capacity was assessed from 6MWD using 6MWT. Quality of life was measured under four dimensions - physical functioning, emotional functioning, and social functioning and school functioning. Blood pressure (B.P.) and Heart rate (H.R.) of overweight and obese group were compared with normal weight group. One way ANOVA was used for between the group analyses and then Tukey’s post hoc test was done.
Results:A significant difference was found in 6MWD as well as in physical component of PedsQL between the three groups. A significant difference was found in pre and post reading of systolic blood pressure and in heart rate in all the three groups.
Conclusion:In the present study we found that increased BMI had a significant effect on 6MWD in OW. In case of quality of life, we found that NW, OW and Ob all three of them shared an equal level of quality of life. Blood pressure and heart rate had a significant effect on all the three groups.
Key words: Overweight, quality of life, obesity, functional capacity.